Tag Archives | fortunes

Richard Stockton: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole It is a somber fact of history that the signers of the Declaration of Independence pledged their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor for the cause of American independence. Yet contemporary readers gloss over those words as if they meant as little then as they do now. I assure you that was […]

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Francis Lewis: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor


Mark Cole Francis Lewis never had it easy. He was orphaned when he was five, and was raised by aunts and uncles in Wales and England. He studied hard and received an excellent education. As an adult, Lewis set sail for New York City in order to create a living as a businessman, wisely using […]

Lewis Morris: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor


Mark Cole In surveying the lives of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, at some point one begins to grow numb after learning about yet another desolation by the British of an American patriot who put it all on the line for independence.  In every instance, the signer, as a member of the Continental […]

Philip Livingston: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole Few families can match the track record of the formidable Livingston family during the independence and founding era.  So, when Philip Livingston of New York signed the Declaration of Independence, he did so not just for himself, but for the entire Livingston clan.   By way of background, Philip Livingston had a brother, […]

William Floyd: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole William Floyd of New York grew up in relative affluence and was well on his way to receiving a sound education to prepare him for life when his father died.   The boy became a man rapidly and took up the challenge of managing his family’s business.  Civic responsibilities naturally followed, including election […]

Thomas McKean: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole Thomas McKean was born in 1734, the son of Irish immigrants. Like George Read, Thomas McKean was tutored by the Reverend Doctor Francis Allison in Latin, Greek, history, and moral philosophy before studying law and entering the bar at the age of 21. Throughout his adult life, McKean was a recognizable figure: he […]

George Read: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole George Read was born in 1734. Classically educated in Greek and Latin, first at home by his father, then under the guidance of the Reverend Doctor Francis Allison, Read began his study of the law at the age of 17. He entered the bar when he was 19. He then married the daughter […]

Caesar Rodney: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor


Mark Cole It was late June, 1776, Philadelphia. George Read and Thomas McKean represented Delaware in the Second Continental Congress where the resolution for independence, having been introduced earlier in the month by Richard Henry Lee, was being debated and was moving inexorably towards a vote.  Even though the Delaware Assembly under the leadership of […]

George Ross: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole The essential elements of the life of George Ross of Pennsylvania are by now very familiar to us, as his story is like so many in the founding era.  Without men like George Ross, our country as we know it would never have existed. Therefore, it is vital that we resist the temptation […]

James Wilson: Lives, Fortunes, Sacred Honor

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Mark Cole From the time he was a member of the Second Continental Congress, through the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia that drafted the U.S. Constitution, through his service as an Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court, James Wilson was involved in every significant debate of the founding era of the United States. During the […]


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